EFTPOS surcharge sign

Many businesses display a "minimum transaction value" for EFTPOS or impose surcharges, but are they allowed to do that? And what practical recourse do you have if they do?

It happens a lot; you wander into a store, look around and find an inexpensive item that you decide to buy, but you've got no folding or clanking type cash on you, You whip out the plastic card, only to find a notice at the till informing you that you'll either have to meet a minimum value to use EFTPOS, or incur a surcharge for doing so. What's the legal position for this kind of thing?

The first point to make is that an EFTPOS card isn't a credit card; we've covered off the fact that from January 1st this year, credit card surcharges have to be "reasonable" in their scope. That doesn't mean they're illegal, but they should more closely reflect the cost of doing business. As such, while an EFTPOS transaction and a credit card transaction are different critters, if a business does insist on EFTPOS minimums, paying via credit card may be cheaper for small purchases.

The distinction between a credit card and an EFTPOS transaction is an important one, however, simply because while the ACCC has ruled on credit card fees, it has remained silent so far on the EFTPOS issue. Anecdotally, EFTPOS surcharges seem less common than credit card ones, so it's possibly a lesser issue, but the fact remains that there's no binding ruling that states that a merchant has to offer reasonable EFTPOS fees.

What do the banks have to say about this? It varies from provider to provider, although you should be able to tell which particular financial services provider a given merchant is using; I've never known an EFTPOS machine not to bear a lot of bank branding. The Commonwealth Bank, for example, makes it quite explicit in its merchant agreement that minimums on EFTPOS are a no-no:

2.3.3 No minimum transaction amount

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